We all know what pain feels like because most of us have experienced some sort of pain in our life. Sometimes, we hardly notice it, sometimes it's unbearable, usually it goes away on its own. Sometimes it goes away with treatment. Rarely, it doesn’t go away at all and becomes persistent which we call chronic pain.
What is pain:Medical definition of pain is unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.
There are three main categories of pain
1 Acute pain – this typically comes on suddenly and has a limited duration between 0-6 days.
2) Sub-acute pain – this has gone beyond 6 days to 6 weeks. It's often continuation of acute pain which has either diminished in intensity or continues at the same intensity or the intensity has increased. Both the acute and sub acute pain can be caused by damage to the tissues such as bone, muscle or organs and the onset is often accompanied by anxiety or emotional distress.
3) Chronic pain – this pain is complex because it has a multifactorial input. Its natural history is unclear; it's characterised by pain which persists despite adequate treatment and therapy and also adequate time for healing. There is no clear definition but it is often defined as pain that has been present for more than 6 weeks.
Clinical evidence and research supports using ultrasound as the first diagnostic test for numerous musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. Diagnostic ultrasound offers a number of important advantages compared to x-ray, computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), in terms of safety and effectiveness.
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